100 Yearsof Learning: How Has Education Changed?

Humble ISD is turning 100 this school year. Education has gone through changes over the past 100 years – not only in Humble ISD, but throughout Texas and the United States. Here are some:

Compulsory Attendance: Texas did not have a compulsory attendance law – a law  requiring school aged children to attend school – until the 1916-17 school year. The newly enacted law required students to attend classes for at least 60 days in 1916-1917, 80 days in 1917-1918, and 100 days in 1918-1919. By 1933, students ages seven to 16 were required to attend school for 120 days and in 1970, students were required to attend 180 days of classroom instruction.

Statewide Testing: Texas began using a state-wide test to measure achievement in 1979. The Texas Assessment of Basic Skills (TABS) test was given to students in grades 3, 5 and 9 in 1979-80. It tested basic skills in mathematics, reading and writing. The test has evolved from TABS to TEAMS to TAAS to TAKS to STAAR. Each of these tests was accompanied by an adjustment to the state curriculum. 12th grade added in the 1940s: Schools in Texas only went to 11th grade until the 1940s. A statewide movement convinced districts to add a 12th grade by inserting an additional grade into the middle school curriculum. Humble added 12th grade starting with the 1940-1941 school year.

Segregation: Texas schools were segregated in the early 1900s. Districts were not required to provide education to everyone. Harris County Common School District #28 (Humble), which would eventually become Humble ISD, opened its first school for African American students in 1886. Less than half of the Harris County school districts provided education to minority students at that time. Humble ISD ended segregation in 1965, while many other schools in Harris County fought integration well into the 1970s.

Innovative Learning: The traditional classroom consisted of students in rows of desks, with a teacher standing in front of the class while lecturing from the textbook. Today, it is common to see classrooms with groups of students engaged in different activities as they learn.

Meals at school: Students typically brought their lunch to school in a bag or lunch pail, or else they walked home for lunch. Charles Bender High School was considered one of the most advanced schools in the county when it opened in 1930 because it had a built-in cafeteria for serving lunch.